No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House – The Trump administration may have made academic papers easier to read, but publishers are pushing back. Annette Elizabeth Allen for

The Trump administration is reportedly considering issuing executive regulations that would make it easier for anyone to access publicly funded research.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

According to E&E News, the White House is considering an executive order that would make all federally funded research available to the public immediately upon publication. Much government-funded research is now hidden behind a paywall for a year before being made public. The report execution order will determine the mandate to cancel the payment period.

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It is unclear what prompted the administration to issue the order, and the text of a potential executive order has not yet been released. At this point, it is difficult to fully assess its merits.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

But if what is widely reported is true, it could be a major victory for a movement known as Open Science, which has complained that tax-funded research has long been locked away. paid for.

When it comes to science, the Trump administration is best known for rejecting a clear scientific consensus on climate change and for rolling back measures to protect the environment. But the removal of the paywall is really positive for the spread of scientific knowledge.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

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However, the publisher was not satisfied. On Wednesday, more than 125 scientific publishers of scientific journals (including the behemoth Elsevier as well as Wiley) and major scientific organizations (such as the Psychological Association and the American Geological Society, which also publishes the American Journal) signed the – letter of condemnation. Potential executive regulations. Other notable signatories include the American Heart Association and publishers

In the letter, they wrote that the executive order “will infringe on the intellectual property of US organizations involved in the production of high-quality peer-reviewed journals” and that the move “makes the valuable US intellectual property.” “It belongs to the nationalization we do and we are forced to give it to the rest of the world for free.”

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

Publishers worry that the change will harm their business. There are advantages to this: They want to start offering something they would normally pay for free. But there is a strong case where existing business models need to change. And publishers face an increasing number of scientific funds that demand that the research generated by their assistance be published freely for public reading.

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Make no mistake: Academic journal publishers make a lot of money by keeping publicly funded research locked behind paywalls. Earlier this year, Gemma Hersh, senior vice president for global policy at Elsevier, said the company’s net profit was 19 percent (more than double Netflix’s net profit). . Elsevier makes $3.2 billion a year.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

It makes sense that they want to protect her. But at the same time, there is an attractive case where the current situation hinders science and the burden of educational institutions with ever-increasing costs.

Some researchers on Twitter thought it would be brave for publishers to speak up to protect their copyright, because copyright is given free of charge to scientists who seek Published in their journal.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

Scientific Publishing Is A Rip Off. We Fund The Research

The proposed policy only threatens “American intellectual property” because publishers require people doing real intellectual work to sign over all property rights in exchange for publication. Is the author paid? No! They *pay*. Crazy. — Talyarkoni (@talyarkoni) December 19, 2019

This is how academic publishing works. Industries built to publish and publish scientific articles – companies like Elsevier – have been able to make incredible profits by extracting large sums of money from taxpayers for free and highly skilled workers at a premium price.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

Scholars are not paid for contributing their articles to the journal. They often have to pay a fee to submit articles to the journal in the first place, as well as to publish them. (May have to pay only for printing graphics and color charts.

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And more: Institutions have to buy exorbitant subscriptions costing hundreds of thousands of dollars a year so they can download and read the work of their own scientists as well as others beyond the paywall. The same goes for members of the public who want access to the science they fund with their tax money. Research file about

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

You can get back $ 30. Some journals can cost individuals thousands of dollars a year for a subscription.

Journal publishers and editors say there are huge costs associated with digital publishing, and they add value at every step of the process: manage and manage supervisors and editors. . But they still make a lot of money from what is in the public interest.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

The Problem With Paywalls

Meanwhile, at many universities across the country, libraries pay more for their branches to access the journal each year, with costs rising at a rate well above inflation. This leads to difficult choices about buying the book or changing the subscription fee.

On Friday, a group representing 210 academic libraries sent a letter to Trump, supporting an end to paywalls for federally funded research. “We wholeheartedly support updating the current policy and eliminating the unnecessary 12-month waiting period for the public to obtain the results of scientific research, including supporting data, text and computer code,” the letter said.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

When the executive orders are issued, Trump will join the global fight to free science from the system. In 2018, a coalition of European funding agencies – including the World Health Organisation, the UK’s Wellcome Trust and the Research Council of Norway – came together for a mandate starting in 2021. The studies they financed have a Print free wall. Private donors such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation have already declared that any document funded by their grants must be open.

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All of these are threats to the publication status of the study – and therefore the reason stated above must be changed.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

As E&E points out, there are possible negative consequences from potential enforcement orders. Publishers may decide to charge authors of scientific papers an upfront fee to publish their work free of charge. (This is common in publishing studies: Researchers can sometimes pay thousands of dollars if they want their paper to be printed paperless.)

And make no mistake: if Trump signs this executive order, he is still generally unfriendly to science. In light of his public anger towards forecasters at the Ocean Administration and the National Environment Agency, his party’s insistence on ignoring the science of climate change and the -limitation of his EPA research. In public health decisions. That said, this could still be a step in the right direction.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

Get Out Your Wallets, Paywalls Are In

Millions of people turned to understand what was happening on the news. Our mission has never been more important than today: to empower through knowledge. Financial contributions from our readers are an important part of supporting our resource-intensive work and helping us keep our information free for all. Consider contributing today. Screenshot of the paywall of the Los Angeles Times virus article on Sunday, April 5, 2020.

Imagine for a second that you were transported to the world ruled by Earl’s karma. Income is falling. Way down. Then suddenly there is new interest in your product. Demand is increasing. You have a chance to recover some of the lost income. So you look at your price and decide whether to offer your product for free.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

And so did most American newspapers during the 19-year-old Covid crisis. When an epidemic broke out, we edited or removed paywalls to make our virus insurance free. You can read it online whether you are a paid subscriber or not.

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It’s a noble thing to do. Media institutions have a unique public service role in the communities they cover.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

Newspapers across the country were on their knees when the virus hit. With a few exceptions — the Los Angeles Times and The Boston Globe, most notably — the paywalls that allow customers to access content have been removed. That changed a little this week when McClatchy, the publisher of The Miami Herald and The Kansas City Star and the second largest newspaper group in the country, decided to cover some viral stories. Leaks affecting health and safety will remain free for all.

It’s a step in the right direction, but McClatchy — and other industries — must move on. Put backup paywalls in place. Let’s not underestimate them.

No More Paywalls For Public Research, Says White House

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The newspaper industry seems to think that public services cannot go hand in hand with profits. That’s a mistake – when a conflicted industry fails.

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